Sanskrit Institute

पठत संस्कृतम्



Dear Brothers & Sisters,

Today we are going to discuss about the alphabets in Sanskrit Language. Before that, I would like to say some information about the alphabets in Sanskrit. This part of post is gonna be an introduction about the structure of Sanskrit language.

Usually, all the languages except “the languages without script” have a set of letters called alphabets, considered to be the basic building blocks of words which we would like to express. Each alphabets are designed in a specific way, each can produce a unique sound. This is common to all the languages.
But there are few languages which interprets the stress & vibration of sound for a single letter in different situations.

What does a unique sound refers here?

For example we can take the language Tamil which is one of the Dravidian Languages being spoken in the State Tamil Nadu of India.
Let us consider the word `Goat`. In Tamil we refer `Goat` as `ஆடு` –  `Aado`.
Let us split the word in to individual letters. Here comes, `Aa` + `do` (i.e.) `` + `டு`.
The letter `Aa` – `` is one of the vowel and also the first vowel of the language Tamil, like wise the second letter `do` – `டு`, is a compound letter by adding a consonant and a vowel namely `it` and `u` respectively.
We pronounce the letter as `it` + `u` = `to` (i.e)  `ட்` + `` = `டு`. But when pronouncing the word `Aadu` we use the sound constant `do` instead of `to`. This is what is wish to said the uniqueness of sound. There are few other languages too, which interpret the sound constants according to the needs.

But Sanskrit, provides an individual set of letters to express various strategies of sound constants. See, a civic man should know a language. And also, he has the rights to speak (or) to create any kind of sound that he wish to express. Sanskrit follows this basic social principle in the alphabets which is the basic building block of a language.

Consider the same sound constants `do` and `to`. As we’ve discussed and in practice we use the same letter `டு` for both the sounds. Now learn Sanskrit, here we’ve two different letters for the above two sound constants literally ` टु ` for the sound `to` and ` डु ` for `do`. The letters ` टु ` and ` डु ` are the compound letters when we combine the two different consonants and a single vowel literally ` ट् ` + `  ` = टु and ` ड् ` + `  ` = ` डु `. In such a way, Sanskrit has a unique approach in its basic design and style.

Let us see more about Sanskrit alphabets in the next post. I would like to hear more from you.

— सुभम् अस्त —
— Best Wishes —


One response to “Introduction

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