Sanskrit Institute

पठत संस्कृतम्

Lesson 6 – षष्ठम पाठः

     Today, we discuss about the nouns especially, the kind of persons those act as a subject in a sentence. As we already known to the three kind of persons, it is not going to be a new one for us. But, here we use to learn the words of Sanskrit to express the three kind of persons. The following table discuss in detail about the three persons.

Person Sanskrit Transliteration
First Person प्रथमपुरुष prathama purusha
Second Person मध्यमपुरुष madhyama purusha
Third or last person उत्तमपुरुष uttama purusha

Singular nouns:    When a noun means only one, it is said to be singular.

Person English Sanskrit Transliteration
1st I अहम् aham
2nd You त्वम् tvam
3rd He सः sah
She सा sA
It तत् tat

Plural nouns:    When a noun means more than one, it is said to be plural.

Person English Sanskrit Transliteration
1st We वयम् vayam
2nd You युयम् yUyam
3rd He (They masculine.) ते te
She (They feminine.) ताः tAh
It (They neuter.) तानि tAni

     The above two tables show a brief preview of singular and plural form of nouns for the three kinds of person in a sentence. But, Sanskrit has another form of noun which means exactly two in count, in other words dual noun. It is because, our ancestors reviewed, examined the worldly objects which are diverged as two forms. For example, male and female, top and bottom, front and back, left and right, love and hate, happy and sad and many more. So, they used to design the dual nouns that can refer the two objects exactly. Such nouns are called dual nouns.

Dual nouns:    When a noun means two, it is said to be dual.

Person English Sanskrit Transliteration
1st We (two) आवाम् AvAm
2nd You (two) युवाम् yuvAm
3rd They (two masculine.) ते te
They (two feminine.) ते te
They (two neuters.) तानि tAni

Note:

  • singular    –    एकवचन      –    ekavacana
  • plural        –    बहुवचन        –    bahuvacana
  • dual           –    द्विवचन          –    dvivacana

शुभमस्तु

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One response to “Lesson 6 – षष्ठम पाठः

  1. Pingback: To form plurals of compound nouns | No More Tears

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